You could face very unpleasant consequences in the loss of your identity, loss of your money, a ruined credit rating, and, if they get your unwitting cooperation in a crime, participation in a felony that could land you in jail. Not trivial.
The scammers are endlessly creative, so this is not everything, by any means. But these are the major scams I’ve discovered.
E-mail Supposedly From an Employer, Recruiter, or Job Board
Maybe the email claims they found your resume on Monster or CareerBuilder or their company website, etc. The message says they think you are the perfect candidate for this new opportunity. You might not remember ever applying (and, if it’s a scam, you didn’t). You may not remember seeing the employer’s name before. Or, perhaps the employer name is a famous employer you would love to work for.
And, they are very interested in hiring you — now!
All you need to do to is send them personal information for a pre-employment credit check and complete your application. Or give them the sensitive information they need to complete the hiring process. All so they can bring you on board as a new employee, of course.
Be very wary of an email from someone you don’t know, regardless of the high-profile logos and names.
Logos and names can be borrowed. And, the “From” email address may be spoofed with some email software. So do not trust that the email is genuine. Verify!
Fake Jobs on Social Media
This is the newest venue for online job scams, and no social network is imune or perfectly safe. Be cautious of jobs and recruiters you find on social media.
Fake Facebook pages exist with many “opportunities” shared and promoted. Bogus jobs may also be posted on legitimate Facebook pages, too.
Fake LinkedIn Profiles are created, and they are used to post “opportunities” in LinkedIn Groups. Of course, sometimes real LinkedIn Profiles share fake jobs, too. LinkedIn does try to eliminate the fake Profiles. They also limit access (or remove the accounts) when someone with a real profile spreads junk inside of LinkedIn.
Online job scams can be sent out in Twitter where the link is a shortened URL (bit.ly or ow.ly) from real or fake accounts. Those shortened links could lead anywhere, so keep your shields up on Twitter, too.
Verify that the recruiter or employer social media account is genuine before you click and apply. Google the employer or recruiter name. If a Twitter account has fewer than 500 followers, be cautious, especially if the employer name claimed is well-known.
Fake Jobs Apparently from Legitimate Employers
The job posting or the website claim to be a real employer, perhaps from a well-known company like Google or Apple. But, although the employer name is legitimate, the jobs are NOT legitimate and not even actually for that employer.
In this scam, the real employer doesn’t have anything to do with the posting. These online job scams abuse a legitimate employer’s identity. I call it “corporate identity theft” because the scammers are pretending to be the real employer. Then advertising bogus jobs completely unrelated to the legitimate employer named in the posting or on the site.
Bogus Jobs on Legitimate Job Boards
The job board may be a well-known brand name like Monster or CareerBuilder, Craigslist, or your favorite professional association’s “career center.” But, while the job board is legitimate, the job may be a scam.
Frankly, I wouldn’t trust all of the jobs posted on any website completely, with the exception of USAJOBS.gov. Even then I’d double-check to be sure by checking the URL in my browser.
Yes, an employer, or a scammer, must first pay a job board in order to post jobs. However, that does NOT guarantee that the job is legitimate. The scammers may make enough money off their scam to cover the cost of the posting. Or they may be scamming the job board, too, by using a stolen credit card to pay for the posting.
These days, the people running job boards must work hard to make sure that they don’t allow fake jobs to be posted on their sites. Unfortunately, not all of the job boards do a great job of vetting employers. And even the ones who do are sometimes fooled by the scammers, too.
Fake Job Boards and Other Fake Websites
These online job scams can be hard to spot. The website may look very professional. But their only goal is to collect as much personal information from you as possible. The websites looks legit, yes. But the employer or job board don’t really exist.
Usually they require your personal information, particularly your Social Security Number for pre-screening. They usually also need your personal bank account number so they can begin depositing your paychecks. This, they often say, is because they are ready to hire you immediately!
The fake job boards usually require you to “register” before you can see the job postings. But they may allow you to select the “job” you want first and then collect your information. There may — or may not — be any jobs (bogus or legitimate) posted on these sites.
I’ve seen a website that sure looks like it’s from Google (Google’s logo is on the site and the name Google is widely used on the site). But it definitely was not Google because, although Google’s name was in the URL, it was in the wrong place within the URL. And the site most definitely was not Google.com.
And the “jobs” unfortunately weren’t with Google either. Just more online job scams.
Your Best Defense
Until you have verified that the employer and job are legitimate, do NOT use any contact information in the job posting or on the website!
And, don’t provide the recruiter/employer or website with any information about you. Don’t register a resume or set up a profile, unless you know the opportunity is legitimate.
- Verify that the employer did post the job on the website in question by tracking down the employer’s phone number via Google, Superpages.com, or some other reputable web phone directory.
- Then call the employer to verify that they really did send the message. Do this only IF the message looks real but is not from an email address associated with the employer’s domain name.
When you are in doubt about the authenticity of the employer? Use your favorite search engine to find out what you can about the employer.
- If all you find are job postings, that’s a bad sign.Legitimate businesses do more that hire people. They also promote their products and/or services, so they can pay those employees. They usually post public contact information (address and phone numbers) so customers can find them.
- Look for the business website which explains what they do and where they do it. You need that information to prepare your response, anyway, in case the job is real. But the research will help you determine if the job is real or bogus.
Verify before you trust to avoid online job scams. Taking the time to run through the steps above will save you the time and energy it takes to apply for a job, which is time wasted in this case. But it can also save your bank account, identity, credit rating, and much more that you value highly.
Yes, it’s a competitive job market, and being unemployed is very unpleasant.
But being scammed at the same time you are struggling with a job search is additional stress no one needs.
For this post, YouTern thanks our friends at Job-Hunt.org!
About the Author: Online job search expert Susan P. Joyce has been observing the online job search world and teaching online job search skills since 1995. A veteran of the United States Marine Corps, Susan is a two-time layoff graduate. She has worked in human resources at Harvard University and in a compensation consulting firm. Since 1998, Susan has been editor and publisher of Job-Hunt.org. Follow Susan on Twitter at @jobhuntorg and on Google+.